TORONTO -- All students will be able to return to the classroom full time this September under the Ontario government's highly anticipated back-to-school plan.

The 26-page plan, which the Doug Ford government originally promised to release in July, says elementary students and secondary students will attend school in-person five days per week, for the first time in months.

Remote learning will remain an option for parents and students who don’t feel comfortable returning to the classroom. 

Masks will be mandatory for all students between Grade 1 and Grade 12, and will remain optional – but recommended – for children in kindergarten. They are not required outdoors. 

In the plan, the government said school boards must be prepared for a potential closures and have plans in place so all students can pivot to remote learning if the COVID-19 situation worsens.

However, when asked what would prompt such a school closure, Ontario Chief Medical Officer Dr. Kieran Moore said Tuesday that he doesn’t expect to have to shutter classrooms.

“I really don’t see our schools closing going into the fall and winter and spring,” he said. “I really can’t envision or see any closures of any schools in Ontario, or colleges or universities.”

“It’s great news for our kids. They will be back with their classmates, where they can get back to activities like music and theater and sports and develop those friendships that can last a lifetime…but it’s also important to do so cautiously and carefully.”

Neither Ford nor Education Minister Stephen Lecce are expected to speak publicly about the back-to-school plan today.

The guidance released Tuesday did not provide parents with answers to some of their key questions, like how schools will deal with COVID-19 outbreaks or whether there will be different rules for vaccinated children. 

That information is still all "forthcoming," the government said. 

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 

Students in kindergarten though to Grade 8 will remain in one cohort for the full day with one teacher, the government says. 

Members of different cohorts will be allowed to interact outside, with distancing encouraged, or inside with distancing and masks, the government says.

School

Elementary school students will be allowed to use common spaces like libraries and cafeterias. 

Specialized education staff, like French teachers, are permitted to go into different classrooms and multiple schools where necessary. 

SECONDARY SCHOOL

While secondary students will be returning to the classroom for the full duration of the day, school boards have been instructed to timetable students with no more than two courses at a time for the fall semester. 

The government says this will allow them the option to revert more easily to restrictive measures if that becomes necessary. 

Exceptions to the two-course rule may be made for small schools where contacts can be limited by cohorting grades, the government says.

There will be five instructional hours per day for secondary students.

PROTECTIVE STRATEGIES

The government says no specific measure will prevent transmission of COVID-19, but says a combination of many efforts will keep children safe. 

Non-medical masks will be required for students Grade 1 to 12 and must be worn in hallways, classrooms, and school vehicles. 

Masks may only be temporarily removed when taking part in low-contact physical activity or when consuming food and drink, the government says. Students from other cohorts may eat lunch together without distancing outdoors, but must remain two metres from other cohorts while indoors. 

Students are not required to wear masks outdoors. 

Meanwhile, all staff and students will be required to self-screen each day for symptoms before arriving at school. Anyone experiencing symptoms of COVID-19 must not attend school and must get tested. 

The Ministry of Education said they may direct school boards to perform on-site daily confirmation of self-screening, especially during a period of potentially higher transmission. They have not said how they will confirm students have completed self-screening.

School boards will continue to provide personal protective equipment to school staff and bus drivers, the government says.

Medical-grade masks are required to be worn by school staff and visitors. School staff is also advised to wear eye protection.

Schools are also being told to properly train students on how to wash their hands and practice proper respiratory etiquette. 

The government says that distancing should be promoted as much as possible during the school day. 

Schools are being told to develop an arrival and departure plan so that congregating in busy areas is avoided where possible. 

School boards will also be responsible for developing a cleaning plan, which includes frequent disinfecting of high-touch surfaces. 

During recess, the government says students don't need to stay within their cohort, but distancing will be encouraged as much as possible. 

The government says the risk of COVID-19 transmission by using a shared object is low, therefore shared materials will be allowed, along with the use of shared spaces like libraries and computer labs. School assemblies will also be permitted.

Meanwhile, the government has told the school boards they are responsible for optimizing air quality in the classroom. 

Schools with full mechanical ventilation are expected to have the system checked before the start of the school year and calibrate the HVAC systems for maximum air flow and increased fresh air intake. 

Schools without full mechanical ventilation are expected to place standalone HEPA filter units in all classrooms. 

Outdoor learning is encouraged wherever possible. 

SCHOOL SPORTS, CLUBS ALLOWED

As part of the government’s plan, school sports and clubs are allowed to resume in September. 

Cohorts can interact with each other, with physical distancing encouraged, during these times. 

For inter-school sports, high-contact activities are only allowed outdoors and masking is not required.

Kids playing soccer

Low-contact activities are permitted indoors. The government says masking is encouraged but not required indoors if a minimum distance of two metres can be maintained between individuals who are not part of the same classroom cohort.

Music programs are also permitted in areas with adequate ventilation, such as outdoors or in a gym. This includes singing and the playing of wind instruments.

“We absolutely understand the risk of aerosolization, but communities keep their risk low, their immunization rates high, everyone screens appropriately on a daily basis. These area risks that I think we should take because they are small risks,” Moore told reporters.

“We can never eliminate the risk completely. We have to balance our social, mental, physical well being and I think music is important to all children.”

ARE SNOW DAYS BEING CANCELLED?

The government said that school boards must implement an inclement weather plan that may include pivoting to remote learning on days when students can’t access the classroom in-person.

This plan will also apply to days where it is too hot for students to attend school in-person.

Meanwhile, there will be no capacity limits on school buses or transportation vehicles. 

Masks are required at all times when on the bus and students will be given assigned seating. 

Vehicles for elementary schools should operate at reduced capacity where possible, the government says. 

DEALING WITH OUTBREAKS

The government says the section in the back-to-school plan about managing cases and outbreaks in schools is still "forthcoming," but will build on the previous school year. 

Last month, Moore said that unvaccinated students would face different isolation requirements if they come in contact with a positive case. 

Students in Ontario have not been learning in-person since April, when the third wave was spiralling out-of-control in the province. 

As cases declined, Ford decided to reopen the economy before allowing students to return to class.